A desk study of documents (Mining plan, rapid EIA report and the proposal for diversion of forest provided by the project authorities and the spatial information in the form of maps of the study area mine plan and sections was first undertaken. At the time of the grant of the environmental clearance, a proposal for the diversion of 58.943 ha. 1). Meanwhile, Sesa Mining Corporation Employees' Union (SMCEU) has said the workers will not report on their duties as the important demands have not yet been fulfilled. The extensive hill slopes and foot hills including greater part of the region are occupied by dry deciduous mixed forests. While case pending in the Supreme court, the refinery operated with bauxite from Vedanta’s Chhattisgarh mines. A site inspection of the project area was undertaken by the Chief Conservator of Forests (Central), Bhubaneswar, Regional Office of the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF), Gol. 1324 in writ petition (civil) No. Vedanta Alumina signed the joint venture agreement with the OMC in 2003 for developing bauxite mines at the Niyamgiri hill near Lanjigarh for use in its one-million-tonne alumina refinery being set up at a cost of Rs.4,000 crores. The total distance to the road from mine top to alumina plant is approximately 18 km (Fig. The bauxite will be then carried to the primary crusher hopper or dump at the ROM bauxite stockpile. In the original report, some wild animals’ photographs are placed in the report. Home garden cultivations are predominated by crops viz. Other tree species are Terminalia alate. Provide an overview of potential impacts as perceived through rapid appraisal. The data provided by the officials of Kalahandi (South) forest Division and Rayagada Forest Division also indicated presence of tiger, leopared and elephants in Niyamgiri and Khambesi RF. Dense bamboo forests extensively occur with Dendrocalamus strictus in better moist regime Bambusa tutda and B. aurdinancea occurs at places. Based on the experience of conducting similar studies in the past, the WII team evolved a Pragmatic approach of visualizing the activities linked to the project implementation and developing a possible linkage between various project activities and their potential to bring about changes in habitat use by species or the changes in the habitat characteristics of the species known to occur in the project area. Destruction of trees in the road way area is likely to lead to the destruction of canopy cover critical for presence of giant squirrels. The ACF, Raygada also reported presence of bear, wolf in Paligaon beat and a group of twelve elephants in Potangipadar beat of. These areas are also breeding and fawning ground for four horned antelope, barking deer and several other species. The FAC also recommended that the studies related to impact of Lanjigarh bauxite mining of biodiversity including wildlife and its habitat be entrusted to the Wildlife Institute of India. Based on certain assessment parameters like absence presence of species in the areas determined through direct and indirect evidences, knowledge of movement and migration routes of key species like the elephant and the existing threat factors operating in the area, the existing status of the project area in terms of it wildlife values in the pre- project scenario was evaluated. Your encouragement and constant feedback on how to improve our offering have only made our resolve and commitment to these ideals stronger. From 4th to 6th May 2006, the WII team undertook a rapid wildlife assessment in and around the Niyamgiri hills. Bauxites occur mainly on the flat plateaus ranging from 1218 m to 1306 m. Theses plateaus are gently sloping at 1:4 to1:10. The pellet densities of various wildlife species indicate their moderate to high use in all the four plateaus. These sanctuaries altogether constitute only 10% of the ER, while remaining 90% habitats are interspersed with forested (approximately 50%) and traditional agro-ecosystem (approximately 40%) where subsistence farming is still practiced without much modern involved technology. This is further corroborated with occurrence of Malabar Giant Squirrel, Ratufa indica in good density during our field survey which is an indicator of canopy contiguous forests. Around 40-50% of their annual income is dervied from large number of NTFP such as siali leaves (Bahunia vahlii), Amla (Emblica officinalis), Harida (Terminalia chebula), Bhada (Terminalia belerica), Char seeds (Buchanania lanzan), Sal (Shorea robusta) seed, hill broom (Thysanolaena maxima) and honey etc. 1. P. R. Mohanty, Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (General), Sh. 12th gram sabha too votes against Vedanta mining. The secondary information and discussion carried out with officials at Bhubaneswar and at mine site greatly supplemented the understanding of local issues and observations in the field. The mineralized area within the lease area would be mined in four blocks covering an area of 3.55 KM2 (Fig.2) These include block A (1.16 km2); block B. The Orissa Mining Corporation Limited has entered into an agreement with M/s Vedanta Almunium Limited, a subsidiary company of M/s Sterlite Industries (India) Limited to develop the Bauxite mine at Lanjigarh as a captive mine to supply 3.0 million tons of bauxite to Aluminium Refinery Plant of Vedanta Alumina Limited also located at Lanjigarh. Discontinuous range of mountains with broken hills and river valleys has terrain ranging from 400 m to above 1500 MSL. To run its 0.5 mtpa aluminium facility in Jharsuguda, Sesa Sterlite needs at least 3 million tones of bauxite for the alumina refinery plant at Lanjigarh every year. Niyamgiri is the highest peak 1516 m in the massif. The cost benefit ratio projected for the mining project is 1: 4.377. No. The importance of Niyamgiri massif forests with little shifting cultivation and better vegetation cover therefore assumes a greater role on the landscape as repository of biodiversity, forests and wildlife for their interactions and dispersal to the adjoining areas. The company, sensing trouble in availability of raw material, had sent a three-month intimation to … For assessment of animal occupancy and utilization of the area by these animal, 14 circular plots of f10.3 m size in four plateau blocks –A (5 plot); B (3 plot); C (3 plots) and D (3 plots) were laid in the study area during the month of May. As a premium subscriber you get an across device unfettered access to a range of services which include: Welcome to the premium services of Business Standard brought to you courtesy FIS. In reality, however, these plateaus are very productive with high occurrence of several herbivore and carnivore species. Two experts from WII visited the area and submitted their report to MoEF. Shri Y. S. Manian, General manager, Lanjigarh Alumina Refinary Project, Delhi. The team of WII from 3rd to 6th May 2006: The WII team was assisted in the field studies by the following officials representing the Orissa Forest Department and the Project Authorities. The Supreme Court of India asked in April 2013 for public consultations in … Marginal farming of crops in podu cultivated areas is common millet Panicum sumatrense, barnyard millet Echinochola colnum, red gram Cajanus cajan and castor Ricinus communis. 5.0 Prediction of impacts on Wildlife values of the proposed project. It is believed that the Bauxite layer which is formed through leaching also acts as a layer for imbibing water and releasing it’s slowly throughout the year. Chinese gear maker SSNP files case against Vedanta for 'losses' due to work stoppage at Lanjigarh alumina refinery 25 Sep, 2012, 12.52 AM IST. A large number of porcupine digging signs were also recorded from all the mineralized plateaus. We, however, have a request. This report is restricted in scope to assess the impacts that are likely to affect forest structure, use pattern of wildlife species occupying the area and the quality of the wildlife habitats that harbour diverse floral and faunal species. Exodus of human population to mining site will enhance conflict with wildlife so to their losses in long run. 3.0 Proposal for diversion of forests for mining. The team however, has been informed that there are several large bauxite deposits that are occurring in the non-forest areas of Kalahandi and Raygada districts. The crude density of elephant in the Reserve is very low around 0.02/km2. (0.30 km2); block C (0.36 km2) and block D (1.73 km2) The in situ mineable resources in all the four mineralized blocks as estimated in the mining plan is 78 million tons and 17.9 million tons of overburden. These kinds of sites are breeding habitat of many herbivores such as barking deer and four horned antelopes. On 25th April 2005, 23 elephants were sighted in Biswanathpur Range that includes Niyamgiri RF and Benbhata RF. "The major issue was regarding recognition of a union leader. In Raygada division a leopard and wolf pugmarks are also recorded in patraguda beat of Muniguda Rnage. In mining lease area approximately 40% enumerated trees are situated while balance 60% are recorded on access road and other planned facilities. 1. of trees from two forest divisions – Kalahandi south FD (41, 296 trees) and Raygada FD (80,041 trees). S.C. Mohanty, Principal Chief Conservator of Forest (WL) cum Chief Wildlife Warden, Orissa, Sh. The loosened material will be lifted through hydraulic shovel or by front loaders. The site inspection report indicated that the biodiversity and wildlife in the area is likely to be affected adversely due to bauxite mining for which a further in-depth study will be required. Mines were operating under second deemed renewal; these mines contribute 45% of bauxite output in the state ... (VAL) will be provided laterite deposits to run its plant at Lanjigarh in Kala... more. In April 2009, the India authorities gave Sterlite and the state owned Orissa Mining Corporation permission to mine bauxite in the Niyamgiri Hills, about 10 kms from the Lanjigarh refinery. Odisha government today said it has decided to provide raw material linkage to Vedanta's alumina refinery project at Lanjigarh from the Kodingamali bauxite mines in Koraput district. During monitoring of tiger, co-predator and herbivore estimation from 18.01.2006 to 23.01.2006 in Niyamgiri RF, Pugmarks of leopard and leopard with cub, sloth bear and hyena have been recorded as reported by DFO, Kalahandi (South) Forest Division. As we battle the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more, so that we can continue to offer you more quality content. New Delhi: Vedanta Resources has put on hold a five-fold expansion plan of its Lanjigarh refinery in Odisha even as it is mulling sourcing bauxite from … Vedanta has been running its refinery at Lanjigarh by importing bauxite from states like Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra since its inception. Odisha’s state government will be supplying raw material to the Vedanta alumina refinery at Lanjigarh in Kalahandi district from the government-owned Kodingamali bauxite mines in Koraput district. The top tree layer consists of Pterocarpus marsupium, Xylia xylocarpa, Adina cordifolia, Bridelia retusa, Shorea robusta and Syzygium cumini, etc. The threats posed by the proposed project to this important ecosystem will lead to irreversible changes in the ecological characteristics of the area. Forest fire and shifting cultivation are much the investigated plots, scats of sloth bear were recorded. 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