The fruit is eaten fresh where available and in canned form. [56], Historically, tropical fruit agriculture, such as for pineapples, has been concentrated in so-called "banana republics. The pineapple is also a tropical plant and it must not be kept under 10 degrees. "Pernambuco" ("eleuthera") weighs 1–2 kg (2–4 lb), and has pale yellow to white flesh. Developed by Sensi Seeds, she’s sure to offer you some great flavors and even better effects. [73][74], Some pests that commonly affect pineapple plants are scales, thrips, mites, mealybugs, ants, and symphylids. [2], A pineapple never becomes any riper than it was when harvested.[76]. It’s absolutely vital that you do. A pineberry is smaller than a common strawberry, measuring between 15 to 23 mm (0.6 to 0.9 in). Based on its resemblance to pine cones, the Spanish called it “the pine of the Indies”, whereas the English found it to be as sweet as an apple. [26], The pineapple fascinated Europeans as a fruit of colonialism[27] but it could not be successfully cultivated in Europe for several centuries until Pieter de la Court developed a greenhouse horticulture near Leyden from about 1658. The disease is caused by Phytophthora cinnamoni and P. parasitica, fungi that often affect pineapples grown in wet conditions. After the first fruit is produced, side shoots (called 'suckers' by commercial growers) are produced in the leaf axils of the main stem. [22] Jams and sweets based on pineapple were being imported to Europe from the West Indies, Brazil and Mexico from an early date, and by the early 19th century, fresh pineapples were transported direct from the West Indies in large enough quantities to reduce European prices. The era of nectarcots, pluots, and jazz apples is upon us as biologists turn their attention to developing delicious, imaginative tastes. [5] The Del Monte plantations are now locally managed, after Del Monte Pacific Ltd., a Filipino company, completed the purchase of Del Monte Foods in 2014.[47]. It is sweet, melting in texture, and excellent for eating fresh; it is poorly adapted for shipping, has spiny leaves, and is grown in Latin America. Domestically, they were used to make the traditional barong tagalog, baro't saya, and traje de mestiza clothing of the Filipino upper class, as well as women's kerchiefs (pañuelo). It is native to South America, Central America and the Caribbean. [65] Bromelain may be unsafe for some users, such as in pregnancy, allergies, or anticoagulation therapy. Pineberry is a hybrid of Fragaria chiloensis and Fragaria virginiana. Fruits are defined as the part of the plant that develops from the flower and is also where the seeds are contained. 1. "piña cloth". Further, it is the third most important tropical fruit in world production. In Australia if you head into a supermarket or any fruit shop and your pineapple is without a top it is probably the hybrid variety known as 73-50. In many tropical countries, pineapple is prepared and sold on roadsides as a snack. It takes a long time for the pineapple to grow. It is sold whole or in halves with a stick inserted. The introduction of the pineapple to Europe in the 17th century made it a significant cultural icon of luxury. "[57][58] In 2010, 60% of pineapples consumed in Europe were grown in Costa Rica. After cleaning and slicing, a pineapple is typically canned in sugar syrup with added preservative. plant in the Bromeliaceae family. [56], Many cultivars are known. The long leaves of the cultivar were the source of traditional piña fibers, an adaptation of the native weaving traditions with fibers extracted from abacá. Without and endocarp is pineapple a hybrid fruit may be alleviated with 2,4-D sprays mother plant [ 36 ] others... 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